I hope you enjoyed our last lesson. In today’s lesson, I am going to teach you all about The present perfect tense in the Urdu language.
1- Present Perfect Tense – Definition
We use this tense when we see things as happening in the past but having a result in the present. It means this tense tells us about the past and the present. In this lesson, you are going to learn the formation of this tense, form of the verb (past participle) which used in the tense as well as the auxiliary verb (helping verb – has or have) which is used for this tense. And at last, we will learn how to make an affirmative, negative, interrogative sentence in this tense. At the end of this post, I have added a video lesson which is for the students who understand the Urdu Language.
2- Present Perfect Tense – Rules
Past participle form of Verb
Past participle-> form of the verb <- is used for this tense. Either they are regular or irregular. We just add “ed” at the end of an infinitive verb to make a regular verb. There are no hard and fast rules to make past participle irregular verbs.
Formation of regular and irregular verbs
1 -Formation of the regular verb
The regular infinitive verb is “work”.
Regular past participle will be “worked”.
2- Formation of the irregular verb
The irregular infinitive verb is “go”.
Irregular past participle verb will be “gone”.0
-> Auxiliary Verb <- (helping verb) “Has” and “Have”
1 – “Has” as a Helping Verb
We use helping verb “has” or “have” in order to make the present perfect tense. We select one of them according to the subject of a sentence. If the subject of the sentence “he”, “she”, “it” or any other singular noun, we use “has” as a helping verb.
2- “have” as a Helping Verb
“have” is used when a subject of the sentence is “you”, “we”, “they”, “I” or any other plural noun.
Subject + helping verb + verb + object + .
3- Present Perfect Tense – Sentences
Learn how to make affirmative, negative and interrogative Sentences in the Present perfect tense
1- Affirmative Sentences
We first put subject then helping verb and at the end an object and end the sentence with the full stop.
- She has completed her homework.
- I have completed my homework.
- Saifullah has completed his homework.
- They have completed their homework.
2- Negative Sentences
“not” comes between the verb and the helping verb to form a negative sentence.
- She has not completed her homework.
- I have not completed my homework.
- Saifullah has not Completed his homework.
- They have completed their homework.
3- Interrogative Sentences
“helping verb” always comes at the beginning of the sentence and it ends with a question mark.
- Has she completed her homework?
- Have I completed my homework?
- Has Saifullah completed his homework?
- Have they completed their homework?
4- Present Perfect Tense – Examples
- She has folded the clothes.
- She has not folded the clothes
- Has she folded the clothes?
- They have been to London.
- They have not been to London.
- Have they been to London?
- Enchantress has turned the prince into a hideous beast.
- Enchantress has not turned the prince into a hideous beast.
- Has enchantress trued the prince into a hideous beast?
- We have gotten rid of them.
- We have not gotten rid of them.
- Have we gotten rid of them?
- My brother has come.
- My brother has not come yet.
- Has my brother come?
- They have already known.
- They have not known yet.
- Have they known?
- Andy has set the table for dinner.
- Andy has not set the table for dinner.
- Has Andy set the table for dinner?
- You have learned the lesson.
- You have not learned the lesson.
- Have you learned the lesson?
- You have gotten this lesson?
- You have not gotten the lesson
- Have you gotten this lesson?
- Ahmed has written a letter.
- Ahmed has not written a letter.
- Has Ahmed written a letter?