In today’s lesson, I will be discussing the present perfect continuous tense in the Urdu language. I have added a video lesson to the end of this post so that you can understand it much better.
1- Present Perfect Continuous Tense – Definition|Rules
- In this tense, we learn about a longer action that starts from either a point of time or period of time and it continues in Preset.
- We use time phrases to show when an action began. In this tense, an action begins from the past and continuous in present.
- We use the present participle form of the verb and “have been” or “has been” (according to the subject of the sentence) for this tense.
- If the subject of a sentence is a singular noun or “He”, “She”, “It”, we always use “has been” after the subject.
- If the subject of the sentence is a plural noun or “You”, “We”, “They”, or “I”, we always use “have been” as a helping verb.
2- Rules of use of “for” or “since”
“for” is a preposition of time that shows a period of time and “since” is also a preposition of time that shows a point of time. this tense.
(i) Since Phrases
Since morning, since the evening, since the afternoon, since childhood, since 2 o’clock, since 2015, since my birth, since Friday, since November etc.
(ii) For Phrases
For two hours, for one month, for two days, for two minutes, for three weeks, for five years, for a second, for a moment, etc.
3- Present Perfect Continuous Tense – Sentences
we often make three types of sentences; affirmative, negative, and interrogative. let’s learn them one by one.
1- Affirmative Sentences
- Ahmed has been playing football for two hours.
- I have been recording a video since morning.
- They have been chatting for three hours.
- She has been working in this bank since 2015.
2- Negative Sentences
Formula = Sub + have/has + not + been + verb + object + .
- Ahmed has not been playing football for two hours.
- I have not been recording a video since morning.
- They have not been chatting together for three hours.
- She has not been working in this bank since 2015.
3- Interrogative Sentences
Formula = Have/Has + Sub + been + verb + object +?
- Has Ahmed been playing football for two hours?
- Have I been recording a video since morning?
- Have they been chatting together for three hours?
- Has she been working in the bank since 2015?