Present Indefinite Tense – Formula | Sentences | Rules

In today’s lesson, I am going to teach you all about the present indefinite tense.

1- Present Indefinite Tense – Definition and Usage

 

Definition/Usage;- 

  1. General Truth/Facts
  2. Repeated Action
  3. Habits
  4. Daily Routine

 

1- General Truth/Facts

The most common use is for general truth or facts. when something always the truth of the fact, we use simple Present to Discuss it.

  1. The sunsets in the west.
  2. The earth revolves around the sun.
  3. The sun rises in the east.
  4. Water keeps its level.
  5. God helps those who help themselves.
  6. Honesty is the best policy.
  7. Two and two make four.
  8. Wolves my lose their teeth but not their nature.

 

2- Repeated Action

Repeated action means things we often do.

  1. We come here every week.
  2. Ahmed speaks always the truth.

 

3- Habits 

Habits mean something that we do regularly.

  1. We get up before sunrise.
  2. She takes tea twice a day.
  3. They play cricket on Sunday.

 

4- Daily Routine 

To tell our daily activities, we also you this tense.

  1. Kathy gets up early in the morning.
  2. She takes tea after getting ready.
  3. She comes back from school at 12 O’clock.

 

 Let’s learn how to make an affirmative, negative and interrogative sentence in this tense.

 

2- Present Indefinite Tense – Sentences and Rules

Let’s learn step by step how to make affirmative, negative and interrogative sentences in present indefinite tense. for making affirmative sentences, you don’t need any auxiliary verbs, however, you need them to make interrogative and negative sentences.

 

1- Affirmative Sentences 

An affirmative sentence is a simple statement. In an affirmative sentence, we don’t ask a question. For making an affirmative sentence, we always use the first form of a verb and add “s” or “es” to the end of it. “s” or “es” is used according to the subject of a sentence. If the subject is he, she, it or any singular noun, “s” or “es” will be used. If the subject is you, we, they, I or any plural noun, we will not use “s” or “es” at the end of the verb. A comma is added to the end of each sentence.

 

Present Indefinite Tense – Structure(Formula )

Subject + verb + s or es + object + comma
Subject + verb + object + comma

 

Example:-

  • She takes a bath once a week.
  • I always take care of my pet cat.
  • Aqib is a vegetarian. He always eats the fresh vegetable.
  • They like to eat spicy food.

 

 

2- Negative Sentence

 

Do not” or “Does not” is used to make a negative sentence. If the subject is he, she, it or any singular noun we use “does not”. Or if the subject is you, we, I, they or any plural noun, “do not” is used to making a negative sentence. We use a negative sentence to show disagreement.

 

Structure
Subject + do not + verb + object + comma
Subject + does not + verb + object + comma

 

Examples:-

  • She doesn’t take a bath once a week.
  • I don’t take care of my pet cat.
  • Aqib is a vegetarian. He doesn’t eat fresh vegetables.
  • They don’t like to eat spicy food.

 

 

3- Interrogative Sentence

 

A sentence that is used to ask a question is called an interrogative sentence. “do” or “does” comes at the beginning of a sentence and it always ends with a question mark.

 

Structure

Do + subject + verb + object + question mark.
Does + subject + verb + object + question mark.

 

Examples:-

  • Does she take a bath once a week?
  • Do I take care of my pet cat?
  • Aqib is a vegetarian. Does he eat fresh vegetables?
  • Do they like to eat spicy food?

 

3- Present Indefinite Tense – Examples

 

Here some more examples of present indefinite tense that help you memorized this lesson much better.

  1. She goes to school.
  2. She does not go to school.
  3. Does she go to school?
  4. Ahmed plays the piano.
  5. Ahmed does not play the piano.
  6. Does Ahmed play the piano?
  7. Light often goes out.
  8. Light does not go out.
  9. Does light go out?
  10. They only offer prayer on Friday.
  11. They do not offer prayer on Friday.
  12. Do they offer prayer on Friday?
  13. The sun rises in the East.
  14. The sun does not rise in the East.
  15. Does the sunrise in the East?
  16. The sunsets in the West.
  17. The sun does not set in the West.
  18. Does the sunset in the West?
  19. She usually comes late at school.
  20. She does not come late to school.
  21. Does she come late to school?

Examples With Phrasal Verbs

  1. I hate traffic but I have to put up with it.
  2. She does not get along with her parents.
  3. He always looks forward to getting sewn new dresses in Eid.
  4. She comes along, whenever I go to market.
  5. Ahmed put aside some money to buy a new iPhone.
  6. They always put forward their ideas in Science Class.
  7. Why Do some people put their pets down?
  8. Does your daughter put back things?
  9. He always comes up with new ideas.
  10. I always come across a new thing while searching for other things.

 

Related Lesson 

 

You may watch Present Indefinite Tense in Urdu on Dailymotion.com

About Sajid Hussain

Sajid Hussain is an online English teacher. He has been teaching English through Urdu/Hindi for 5 years.