In today’s lesson, I am going to teach you all about the present indefinite tense in Urdu and Hindi Languages.
Present Indefinite Tense – Definition and Uses
We mostly use the present indefinite tense for repeated actions. Repeated action means things we often do. We also use this tenses to tell our daily routine. There are few more uses of this tense, but we will learn about them later. As a beginner, you just need to know that this tense is used for repeated action. Let’s learn how to make an affirmative, negative and interrogative sentence in this tense.
Present Indefinite Tense – Sentences and Rules
Let’s learn step by steps how to make affirmative, negative and interrogative sentences in present indefinite tense.
1- Affirmative Sentences
An affirmative sentence is a simple statement. In an affirmative sentence, we don’t ask a question. For making an affirmative sentence, we always use the first form of a verb and add “s” or “es” to the end of it. “s” or “es” is used according to the subject of a sentence. If the subject is he, she, it or any singular noun, “s” or “es” will be used. If the subject is you, we, they, I or any plural noun, we will not use “s” or “es” at the end of the verb. A comma is added to the end of each sentence.
Present Indefinite Tense – Structure(Formula )
Subject + verb + s or es + object + comma
Subject + verb + object + comma
- She takes a bath once a week.
- I always take care of my pet cat.
- Aqib is a vegetarian. He always eats the fresh vegetable.
- They like to eat spicy food.
2- Negative Sentence
“Do not” or “Does not” is used to make a negative sentence. If the subject is he, she, it or any singular noun we use “does not”. Or if the subject is you, we, I, they or any plural noun, “do not” is used to making a negative sentence. We use a negative sentence to show disagreement.
Subject + do not + verb + object + comma
Subject + does not + verb + object + comma
- She doesn’t take a bath once a week.
- I don’t take care of my pet cat.
- Aqib is a vegetarian. He doesn’t eat the fresh vegetable.
- They don’t like to eat spicy food.
3- Interrogative Sentence
A sentence that is used to ask a question is called an interrogative sentence. “do” or “does” comes at the beginning of a sentence and it always ends with a question mark.
Do + subject + verb + object + question mark.
Does + subject + verb + object + question mark.
- Does she take a bath once a week?
- Do I take care of my pet cat?
- Aqib is a vegetarian. Does he eat fresh vegetable?
- Do they like to eat spicy food?
Present Indefinite Tense – Examples
Here some more examples of present indefinite tense that help you memorized this lesson much better.
- She goes to school.
- She does not go to school.
- Does she go to school?
- Ahmed plays the piano.
- Ahmed does not play the piano.
- Does Ahmed play the piano?
- Light often goes out.
- Light does not go out.
- Does light go out?
- They only offer prayer on Friday.
- They do not offer prayer on Friday.
- Do they offer prayer on Friday?
- The sun rises in the East.
- The sun does not rise in the East.
- Does the sun rise in the East?
- The sun sets in the West.
- The sun does not set in the West.
- Does the sunset in the West?
- She usually comes late at school.
- She does not come late to school.
- Does she come late to school?
Examples With Phrasal Verbs
- I hate traffic but I have to put up with it.
- She does not get along with her parents.
- He always looks forward to getting sewn new dresses in Eid.
- She comes along, whenever I go to market.
- Ahmed put aside some money to buy a new iPhone.
- They always put forward their ideas in Science Class.
- Why Do some people put their pets down?
- Does your daughter put back things?
- He always comes up with new ideas.
- I always come across a new thing while searching for other things.
You may watch Present Indefinite Tense in Urdu on Dailymotion.com