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Present, Past and Future Tenses

When we talk about English Grammar, Tenses are very essential for learn English language. In the lesson, you will learn each tense one by one with Urdu and Hindi Translation. You can also watch their video lesson. Let’s start out today’s lesson.

English Tenses – Definition

The Tenses of a verb shows the time of an action or event. There are three main tenses in English Grammar; as, the present tense, the past tense and last one is future indefinite tense. Each tense have further four forms. Now let us deal with these one by one.

 

english tenses in urdu - inforgraphic

 

1- The Present Tense

A verb that refers to the present time is said to be in the Present Tense. It has four forms; as,

 

(a) The Present indefinite Tense

The Present indefinite tense is use for expressing what is actually taking place at the present moment, a habit or a custom, describing some act as a historic present, expressing a universal truth, and introducing a quotation.

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(b) Present Continuous Tense

The Present Continuous tells us about an action that is going on at the time of speaking. The doer is in the middle of an action and it is going on.

present continuous tense urdu image

(c) Present Perfect Tense 

It is used to denote an action that start form past and to be completed in present or we can say an action has just been completed.

present perfect tense urdu image

 

(d) Present Perfect Continuous Tense

The Present Perfect Continuous Tense tells us an action that began in the past and is still going go in present. The preposition “since” and “for” are use to denote a point of time and a period time respectively.

present perfect continuous tense urdu image

 

2- The Past Tense

A verb the refers to the past time is said to be in the past tense. It has four forms; as,

 

(a) Past Indefinite Tense 

The Past indefinite Tense is used to denote a single act in the past and a habitual  action in the past.

past indefinite tense urdu image

 

(b) Past Continuous Tense 

The Past Continuous Tense tells us and action as going on at some point in the past time.

past continuous tense urdu image

(c) Past Perfect Tense

The Past Perfect Tense is used to denote an action completed at some point in the past time, before another action was begun. We always use the past perfect tense for the earlier action and past indefinite tense, for the subsequent one.

past perfect tense urdu image

 

(d) Past Perfect Continuous Tense 

The Past Perfect Continuous Tense is use to denote an action that was finished ate some definite time in the past, but which had been going on before it was finished. The preposition “since” and “for” are used to indicate a point of time and a period of time respectively.

past perfect continuous tense urdu image

3- The Future Tense

A verb that refers to the future time is said to be in future tense. it is form forms; as,

 

(a) Future Indefinite Tense 

The Future Indefinite Tense is use to show a single act that still to take place.

future indefinite tense urdu image

 

(b) Future Continuous Tense 

The Future Continuous Tense is used to represent an action that will keep going on, at some time in the future.

future continuous tense urdu image

 

(c) Future Perfect Tense 

The Future Perfect Tense is used to denote an action that will be completed at some point in the future.

future perfect tense urdu image

 

(d) Future Perfect Continuous Tense 

The Future Perfect Continuous Tense is used to denote an action as going on continuously, but not completed in the future. The tense is seldom used. But whenever it is used like every other perfect continuous tense, the preposition “since” and “for” are used to indicate a point of time and a period of time respectively.

future-perfect-continuous-tense-image