Auxiliary Verbs in Urdu

In today’s lesson, I am going to teach you all about auxiliary verbs in the Urdu language. Let’s. The auxiliary verbs are also called “helping Verbs” which help main verbs in a sentence. We use these verbs almost with each tense except preset and past indefinite tenses when we make affirmative sentences. We also use these verbs to make passive sentences. I am going to teach you all above the mentioned things in the post in the details. I have also included a video lesson so that you can understand much better.

auxiliary verb image
Auxiliary Verbs

Model Verbs vs Auxiliary Verbs

Am, is, are, been, was, were, has, have, had, do, and did are all auxiliary verbs which help main verbs in a sentence. Some students get confused with “will, shall, can, could etc. they seem to ask the same question. Are they auxiliary verbs too? Yes, they are also but are called model auxiliary verbs which have meanings. Always remember that auxiliary verbs have no meaning lonely and model verbs have.

 

Helping Verbs Which used in Present Tenses

There are many helping verbs in English grammar. Some helping verbs are used in Present tenses such

as am, is, are, has, have, do or does.

 

1- Auxiliary Verb “DO”

We use helping verb “do” in negative and interrogative sentences of present indefinite tense. we add “not” to “Do” for making a negative sentence. If the subject of the sentence is “he”, “she”, “it”  or any singular noun, we add “es” to the helping verb “Do” -> “Does”

Examples: –

  • He plays football every Friday. (Affirmative)
  • He does not play football every Friday. (Negative)
  • Does he play football every Friday? (Interrogative)
  • They play football every Friday. (Affirmative)
  • They do not play football every Friday. (Negative)
  • Do they play football every Friday? (Interrogative)

 

2- Auxiliary Verbs “am”, “is” and “Are”

We use these above all helping verbs for present continuous tense. “Am” always comes with “I”. if the subject of a sentence is “he”, “she”, “it” or any singular noun, we use “is” as a helping verb in the sentence. “are” is used with other rest of pronouns and plural nouns.

 

Examples: –

  • I am going to school.
  • I am not going to school.
  • Am I going to school?
  • She is going to school.
  • She is not going to school.
  • Is she going to school?
  • They are going to school.
  • They are not going to school.
  • Are they going to school?

 

3- Auxiliary verbs “Has” or “Have”

 

We use these auxiliary verbs in present perfect tense. If the subject of a sentence is “he”, “she”, “it” or any singular noun, we use helping verb “has”. and “have” is used with other rest of pronouns or plural nouns.

 

Examples:-

  • He has bought a car.
  • He has not bought a car.
  • Has he bought a car?
  • They have bought cars.
  • They have not bought cars.
  • Have they bought cars?

 

4- Auxiliary verb “been”

We use helping verb “been” with “has”, “have” or “had” to make a present perfect continuous tense or past perfect continuous tense sentence.

 

Examples:-

  • I had been doing my homework since morning.
  • I have been doing my homework since morning.
  • They have been doing their homework since morning
  • Has she been doing his homework since morning?
  • How long has she been doing her homework?
  • She has not been doing her homework since morning.

 

 

Helping Verbs Which used in Past Tenses

There are many helping verbs in English grammar. Some helping verbs are used in Past tenses such

as was, were, had, did.

 

 

5- Auxiliary verb “had”

We use “had” for past perfect tense.

 

Examples:-

  • He had bought a car.
  • He had not bought a car.
  • Had he bought a car?
  • They had bought a car.
  • They had not bought a car.
  • Had they bought a car?

 

6- Auxiliary verb “Did”

 

We use helping verb “did” for past indefinite tense.

 

Examples:

  • He did his homework.
  • He did not do his homework.
  • Did he do his homework?

 

7- Auxiliary Verb “was” or “were”

We use was or were in past continuous tense.

Examples:- 

  • He was playing football.
  • He was not playing football.
  • Was he playing football?
  • They were playing football.
  • They were not playing football.
  • Were they playing football?

 

8- Auxiliary verb in Passive Sentences

We use helping verb to make passive voice sentences

Examples:- 

  • He plays football every Friday.
  • The football is played by him every Friday.
  • He is playing football.
  • The football is being played by him.

About Sajid Hussain

Sajid Hussain is an online English teacher. He has been teaching English through Urdu/Hindi for 5 years.